There were two demographers Neil Howe and William Strauss who rolled out the term millennial in 1987. A millennial is regarded to be a person who reached adulthood around the turn of the 21st century. Millennials are called Generation Y. There is no precise year of the birth of millennials. According to the majority of the demographers, the birth years of Generation Y or millennials started in the early 1980s and ended in the mid-1990s. Pew Research Center published a report on first March 2018, because of key social, economic and political factors; this report defines millennials as individuals who born from 1981 to 1996. Because world changes so rapidly after the 90s and especially after 9/11, that millennials of the world as well as of Pakistan faces a different kind of social, political, economic and personal issues.
It may be pertinent to mention here that early millennials faced more issues than the later ones.
Here are top five issues; Pakistani millennials have to wrestle with.
Now it’s a tech world. Revolution of information technology captured the whole world as well as Pakistan. In Pakistan, tech revolution came during the then president Musharraf era after the 9/11, when Dr Atta-ur-Rehman was Advisor to PM on science and technology. Pakistani millennials never used mobile phones in their childhood and teen years. There was the very small amount of millennials who used computers. One piece of wood called “takhti” was in every child’s school bag. The journey from “takhti” to Ipad is very disturbing for the millennials. Adopting technology in their daily lives is not an easy process.
2. EDUCATION AND TRAINING:
It will not be an exaggeration if I say that education received by us millennials simply becomes outdated. Industrial and information revolutions so much change the world and approximately every sector of the job market that the education or training we received in schools, colleges and universities becomes obsolete. It’s very hard for the Pakistani millennials to compete with the world. Also at the time of the turn of 21st-century literacy rate was very low among millennials of Pakistan.
At the time of Afghan-Soviet War, either the millennials were not born or they were in their tender age. So, they had not seen their country at war during their childhood and teenage, but after 9/11, the world change, Pakistan became the front-line state in the war against terrorism. Terrorism stepped in Pakistan with all of its horribleness and changes the whole culture in Pakistan. There came the security culture and instability which they were not aware of. There were just bloodshed and butchery in years from 2005 to 2015.
4. UNEMPLOYMENT AND LACK OF OPPORTUNITIES:
Pakistan’s population increased at a great rate. At the same time, there was political instability when millennials became adult. Upon that came war against terrorism and energy crises Because of these factors there is no economic stability. Foreign investors stopped making investments in Pakistan. Unemployment increases rampantly. There is lack of opportunities in Pakistan. It’s hard to find a job according to your education standard. Nepotism and favouritism are also causes of unemployment.
5. FRUSTRATION AND DISAPPOINTMENT:
The most common issue among millennials of Pakistan today is that they are intensely frustrated. Lack of jobs, basic life facilities, low standard of life, missing of equal opportunities and unfruitful education make them disappointed. They need a rejuvenation of hope.
By Aasim Tasawar | Content Writer & Lawyer
Editorial Note: Thank you for reading this blog, if you are reading this, I hope you are a millennial who is searching for guidance and mentorship which as per the research conducted by a marketing firm in Pakistan the top requirement of millennials and youth these days. In this article, we have described the issues or problems faced by millennials in Pakistan, however, in the next coming articles we will also cover the solutions to those problems. If you want to know more about millennials, see the list of the book below and if you like them, order them from Amazon. Thanks – Syed Owais Mukhtar